Chris Klink

Email: [email protected]
Phone: +31 20 5664841
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The brain is more than a collection of information-processing neurons. A large proportion of its computational power and flexibility stems from the sharing of information among populations of specialized neurons in different parts of the brain. The resulting functional networks drive perception and cognition, while malfunctioning network dynamics can lead to neurological and psychiatric symptoms. My research focuses on cortical and subcortical brain networks and investigates their causal interactions using electrophysiological, neuroimaging, and brain stimulation methods.


I am a Neurobiologist and obtained my PhD (Cum Laude) from the Department of Functional Neurobiology at Utrecht University (The Netherlands), working with Prof. Richard van Wezel on neurophysiological, behavioral and computational aspects of visual perception. After a brief post-doctoral period at Utrecht University in which I established two-photon imaging to study processes of visual processing in larger populations of cortical neurons, I joined the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience (NIN) to investigate the neural mechanisms of goal-directed (visual) behavior and brain stimulation. My research is a collaborative effort of the groups Vision & Cognition and Neuromodulation & Behaviour of the NIN, and the Spinoza Centre for Neuroimaging. I was a visiting researcher at the Department of Neurophysiology of the KU Leuven (Belgium) and regularly give lectures for the University of Amsterdam and the Graduate school of Neuroscience Amsterdam/Rotterdam (ONWAR).


  • Klink, P.C., Boucherie, D., Denys, D., Roelfsema, P.R., & Self M. Interorularly merged face percepts eliminate binocular rivalry. Scientific Reports (2017).
  • Klink, P.C., Jeurissen, D., Theeuwes, J., Denys, D., & Roelfsema, P.R. Working memory accuracy for multiple targets is driven by reward expectation and stimulus contrast with different time-courses. Scientific Reports (2017).
  • Klink, P.C.*, Dagnino, B.*, Gariel-Mathis, M-A.*, & Roelfsema, P.R. Distinct feedforward and feedback effects of microstimulation in visual cortex reveals neural mechanisms of texture-segregation. Neuron (2017).
  • Chen, X., Possel, J.K., Wacongne, C., Van Ham, A., Klink, P.C., & Roelfsema, P.R. 3D printing and modeling of customized implants and surgical guides for non-human primates. Journal of Neuroscience Methods (2017).
  • Christophel, T.B.*, Klink, P.C.*, Spitzer, B., Roelfsema, P.R. & Haynes J-D. A distributed account of working memory storage. Trends in Cognitive Sciences (2017).
  • De Graaf, T.A., van Ee, R., Croonenberg, D., Klink, P.C., & Sack, A.T. Perceptual disappearance of a competition-free salient visual stimulus at the offset of binocular rivalry. Journal of Vision (2017).
  • Klink, P.C. & Roelfsema, P.R.R Binocular rivalry outside the scope of awareness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2016).
  • Brascamp, J.W., & Klink, P.C., with a contribution of Levelt, W.J.A.M. The ‘laws’ of binocular rivalry: 50 years of Levelt’s propositions. Vision Research (2015).
  • Klink, P.C., Self, M.W., Lamme, V.A., & Roelfsema, P.R. Theories and methods in the scientific study of consciousness. The Constitution of Phenomenal Consciousness: Towards a Science and Theory, ed. S. Miller, Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins Publishing Company (2015).
  • Klink, P.C., van Wezel, R.J.A., & van Ee, R. The future of binocular rivalry research: Reaching through a window on consciousness. The Constitution of Visual Consciousness: Lessons from Binocular Rivalry, ed. S. Miller, Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins Publishing Company (2014).
  • Klink, P.C., Jentgens, P., & Lorteije, J.A.M. Priority maps explain the roles of value, attention, and salience in goal-oriented behavior. Journal of Neuroscience (2014).
  • Klink, P.C., Oleksiak, A., Lankheet, M.J.M., & van Wezel, R.J.A. Intermittent stimulus presentation stabilizes neuronal responses in macaque area MT. Journal of Neurophysiology (2012).
  • Montijn, J.S., Klink, P.C., & van Wezel, R.J.A. Divisive normalization and neuronal oscillations in a single framework of selective visual attention. Frontiers in Neural Circuits (2012).
  • Lankheet, M.J.M., Klink, P.C., & Noest, A.J. Spike-Interval Triggered Averaging Reveals a Quasi-Periodic Spiking Alternative for Stochastic Resonance in Catfish Electroreceptors. PLoS ONE (2012).
  • Klink, P.C., van Wezel, R.J.A., & van Ee, R. United we sense divided we fail: Neural mechanisms of context-driven perceptual disambiguation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences (2012).
  • Oleksiak, A., Klink, P.C., Postma, A., van der Ham, I.J.M., Lankheet, M.J.M. & van Wezel, R.J.A. Spatial summation in macaque parietal area 7a follows a winner- take-all rule. Journal of Neurophysiology (2011).
  • Klink, P.C., Montijn, J.S., & van Wezel, R.J.A. Crossmodal duration perception involves perceptual grouping, temporal ventriloquism and variable internal clock rates. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics (2010).
  • Oleksiak, A., Postma, A., van der Ham, I.J.M., Klink, P.C., & van Wezel, R.J.A. A review of lateralization of spatial functioning in nonhuman primates. Brain Research Reviews (2010).
  • Klink, P.C., Brascamp, J.W., Blake, R., & van Wezel, R.J.A. Experience-driven plasticity in binocular vision. Current Biology (2010).
  • Klink, P.C., Noest, A.J., Holten, V., van den Berg, A.V., & van Wezel, R.J.A. Occlusion-related lateral connections stabilize kinetic depth through perceptual coupling. Journal of Vision (2009).
  • Klink, P.C., van Ee, R., & van Wezel, R.J.A. General validity of Levelt’s propositions reveals common computational mechanisms for visual rivalry. PLoS ONE (2008).
  • Klink, P.C., Van Ee, R., Nijs, M.M., Brouwer, G.J., Noest, A.J., & van Wezel, R.J.A. Early interactions between neuronal adaptation and voluntary control determine perceptual choices in bistable vision. Journal of Vision (2008).
  • Klink, P.C. Some spikes are more informative than others. Journal of Neuroscience (2008).