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Delineation of Novel Autosomal Recessive Mutation in GJA3 and Autosomal Dominant Mutations in GJA8 in Pakistani Congenital Cataract Families

Publication year 2018
Published in Genes
Authors A.A.B. Bergen, Shazia Micheal, Ilse Therésia Gabriëla Niewold, Sorath Noorani Siddiqui, Saemah Nuzhat Zafar, Muhammad Imran Khan,

Congenital cataract is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease. The present study was undertaken to find the genetic cause of congenital cataract families. DNA samples of a large consanguineous Pakistani family were genotyped with a high resolution single nucleotide polymorphism Illumina microarray. Homozygosity mapping identified a homozygous region of 4.4 Mb encompassing the geneGJA3. Sanger sequence analysis of theGJA3gene revealed a novel homozygous variant c.950dup p.(His318ProfsX8) segregating in an autosomal recessive (AR) manner. The previously known mode of inheritance forGJA3gene mutations in cataract was autosomal dominant (AD) only. The screening of additional probands (n= 41) of cataract families revealed a previously known mutation c.56C>T p.(Thr19Met) inGJA3gene. In addition, sequencing of the exon-intron boundaries of theGJA8gene in 41 cataract probands revealed two additional mutations: a novel c.53C>T p.(Ser18Phe) and a known c.175C>G p.(Pro59Ala) mutation, both co-segregating with the disease phenotype in an AD manner. All these mutations are predicted to be pathogenic by in silico analysis and were absent in the control databases. In conclusion, results of the current study enhance our understanding of the genetic basis of cataract, and identified the involvement of theGJA3in the disease etiology in both AR and AD manners.

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