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The interrelation between FGF23 and glucose metabolism in humans

Research group la Fleur
Publication year 2018
Published in Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Authors Stan R Ursem, Marc G Vervloet, Rahel M Büttler, Mariëtte T Ackermans, Mirjam M Oosterwerff, Elisabeth M V Eekhoff, Paul Lips, Mireille J Serlie, S.E. La Fleur, Annemieke C Heijboer

AIMS: Different studies point to a link between glucose metabolism and Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 (FGF23), an osteocyte-derived phosphaturic hormone. We aimed to investigate in humans the effect of (I) a glucose load and (II) a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp on FGF23 concentrations and conversely (III) the effect of a diet-induced increase in FGF23 concentration on glucose and insulin concentrations.

METHODS: Plasma cFGF23 concentrations were measured during: I. an oral glucose tolerance test in eight adults with impaired glucose tolerance and vitamin D deficiency and II. a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp in nine healthy adults. III. Serum glucose and insulin concentrations were measured in nine healthy adults receiving a single-day phosphate-enriched or -restricted diet.

RESULTS: I. A glucose load decreased FGF23 and phosphate concentrations. II. The hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp decreased phosphate concentrations, but did not affect FGF23 concentrations. III. Fasting insulin and glucose concentrations remained unchanged after a diet-induced increase in FGF23 concentration.

CONCLUSIONS: An oral glucose load in vitamin D deficient patients with impaired glucose metabolism decreased FGF23 concentrations, which cannot be attributed to changes in insulin concentration. Thus, bone may react rapidly after glucose loading by alternating FGF23 secretion. A diet-induced increase in FGF23 concentrations did not affect fasting glucose or insulin levels.

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